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Non-Hazardous Waste Storage Processes


Landfills have long been the preferred method of processing waste.

Today, only waste classified as ultimate, that which cannot be recycled or recovered, is admitted to what are known as non-hazardous waste storage centers. Environmental protection issues in particular have relegated waste storage to the rank of last link in the chain.

Last link, but certainly not the least since it remains the one draining the most important tonnages. Hence the need to master the ins and outs of the landfills.

The operation of a non-hazardous waste storage facility can be compared to that of a bio-physico-chemical reactor. The phenomena that occur there naturally lead to the formation of leachate and biogas which carry most of the potentially polluting load of these centers.

So to limit their impact on the environment, their operators use both rustic and robust technologies as well as innovative technologies.
In Europe these are dedicated trucks that transport non-hazardous waste, a heterogeneous set of materials, to the disposal centers.

This waste is then unloaded in bins where it is compacted in order, essentially, to limit its volume. Each compartment can be divided into several cells. But all the traps must be hydraulically independent for a separate collection of leachate and watertight.

An operational locker must remain open for a minimum of one to two years to minimize the impact on the environment. Some operators use a technique to cover these compartments surface by surface, on a daily basis, to limit the impact on the environment.

Ensuring effective containment

To do this, the designers of lockers use a series of first so-called active barriers. The walls (bottoms and sides) of the lockers are covered with a completely waterproof high density polyethylene geomembrane. This geomembrane is itself protected against tears, on the underside and on the surface, by anti-puncturing geotextiles. At the bottom, a layer of gravel 50 centimeters thick allows to drain the leachate towards an appropriate storage tank.

Added to this are the so-called passive barriers, on which the lockers rest. European regulations thus impose the presence of a layer of clay with a thickness of one meter and whose permeability is less than 1.10-9 meters per second. If the active barrier were to fail, it would take no less than thirty years for a polluted liquid to cross a single layer of one meter at 1.10-9 meters per second according to experts at storage and recovery of waste facilities.

In addition, French regulations require that a layer at least 5 meters thick of a material whose permeability does not exceed 1.10-6 meters per second be present below this meter. When such geological conditions are not naturally encountered, soil reinforcement and treatment techniques are implemented.

Treatment of leachate

Now let’s come back to the leachate. Because it is this in particular, that the layers of impermeability aim to retain. Those used to be called landfill juices. They are formed in contact with rainwater which percolates through the waste and is loaded with polluting elements, making them unsuitable for discharge as is into the natural environment. They must therefore be collected (gravity flow or pumping) and then treated in a specific manner.

According to their composition or their quantity in particular, the leachate can be brought to undergo one or more biological, chemical, membrane treatments or even by concentration. The technique called nanofiltration of reverse osmosis filters the leachate through a series of extremely thin membranes. At the outlet: 98% purified water.

Evapo-concentration, which consists in evaporating the leachate to separate the constituents is also an interesting technique since it takes advantage of the heat that can be produced by the recovery of biogas from this same waste.

Today the best operating technique is undoubtedly that of the bioreactor. Its principle: to recirculate the leachate collected at the bottom of the trap in the waste mass, while using traps for periods of less than two years. These compartments, once filled, are completely sealed, so that the biogas produced can be fully collected for recovery. The recirculation of leachate in the waste accelerates the biodegradation of the waste and therefore maximizes the production of recoverable biogas.

Biogas recovery

Because with leachate, biogas is the other effluent generated naturally by the storage of waste, by the decomposition of bio-waste, more precisely. We speak of anaerobic digestion, because this gas saturated with water is essentially composed of methane (CH4), but also a little carbon dioxide (CO2), two powerful greenhouse gases.

In addition, biogas includes trace gases but carrying odor nuisance (mercaptans, hydrogen sulfide). Thus, the law regarding waste management processes requires operators to collect this biogas through vertical wells or horizontal or mixed drains.

It is then strongly recommended, financial incentives (purchase prices) and fiscal reduction of the general tax on polluting activities) to value it in the production of electricity and or heat.

Biogas is captured very quickly by operators, without waiting for the lockers to close. Biogas production is maintained or increases as long as the supply of waste continues. As soon as this supply ceases, the production curve decreases, but the biogas is always collected, over several decades depending on the tonnage stored.

The captured biogas is then sent to engines or gas turbines and alternators to produce electricity or to boilers to produce heat. The cogeneration units include, in addition to the gas engine and the alternator, circuits for recovering the heat produced by the engine.

It should be noted that some operators still choose to simply destroy the biogas produced thermally. The combustion of methane in a flare does not correspond to a recovery technique. It simply makes it possible to limit its impact on the greenhouse effect by transforming it into CO2, a gas with a heating power all the same 25 times less.

4 Ways To Get A Great Mortgage Rate


The day has come. It is finally time to buy your first home. But what keeps you from doing it is the cost, and since you likely do not have enough cash sitting on your bank account, you will have to borrow the money for the downpayment from a lender, and perhaps spend the majority of your life paying it back in interests.

Mortgage rates vary significantly from state to state, and there are a number of factors that affect these variations. One of the general reasons is the decline or rise in the treasury yields. Better rates are usually available in more populated markets than less densely-populated ones. It is also typical for rates to get higher in areas where people are making late payments on their mortgage. Understanding the causes the rate fluctuations can help you identify the best areas to buy a property.

Your mortgage rate is a big deal and should never be taken lightly. Owning a home is not just an achievement, it is also a lifetime of responsibility. By paying lower mortgage rates, you give yourself a better chance of paying the loan off earlier than expected. Moreover, you get to save up money you couldn’t if you were to pay a higher mortgage.

Here are some tricks and tips you can follow to pay a lower mortgage for your home.

Consider Populated Areas

As mentioned above, an area with a higher populace tend to offer lower mortgages. Although there are a lot of factors that play into this, you can easily find a lender that can finance your home. For instance, take a look at Chicago, Illinois.

According to Mashvisor, 50% of its population rents, which makes the demand for houses for sale lower. Less demand means a slower rise in home prices. If you have good credit, you can surely own your home with less expensive mortgage payments. You can also look for a good bargain by using knowledgeable real estate brokers such as Kale Realty’s brokers.

Improve Your Credit Score

A higher credit score will tell the banks or lenders that you are less likely to default on your loan. Which means a higher score will entail you to pay less in interests. According to FICO, a good score ranges from 760 to 850. Aspiring homeowners with a credit score below 620 may still qualify for a mortgage. But there are some stringent requirements needed to qualify, one of which is a minimum down payment of at least 10%.

To help you improve your score, do not spend over 20% of your available credit limit. Avoid credit card debts and pay the bills on time. Make sure that you stay updated with your score by requesting free credit reports. This will enable you to track your score and to review any possible mistake that could ruin your credit.

Keep A Stable Employment

Mortgage lenders tend to prefer people who have a strong record of employment and income stability. This means when a candidate proves that he or she has a steady job for the last two years, lenders may offer you the best mortgage rate. They tend to frown upon situations of long periods of unemployment. In a perfect world, you have to be working on the same job for a few years, or have been promoted or made a better job change with a higher paying position within this timeframe.

For self-employed people, lenders tend to be more strict with them. Banks will also require certain documents, including a file on business income and income tax return. Moreover they request self-employed loaners to file Form 4506 to the IRS to obtain the business’s transcript of returns. These documents will then be crossed reference to ensure that your records are the same to the ones you sent to the IRS.

Save Up For A Downpayment

Some lenders allow their clients to pay 5% to 10% of the purchase price of the property. However, it is a general rule that a minimum of 20% down payment can get your mortgage rates down. But this is not the only reason why you need to save up some money.

Your loan may get approved even if you only pay for 5% (given that you have a good credit score), a payment of less than 20% will likely urge you to pay for a Private Mortgage Insurance. So if you are planning to own your own property or home, better start saving today. Set aside some cash for every paycheck you get and make sure that you keep your savings account updated.

Applying for a mortgage can be a tricky process, but it will become easier when you have these four elements above well prepared. So while you scout for a location, take some time to improve your credit score, pay your existing debts and start saving up. Getting the best mortgage rate can be successfully achieved when you get your credit and finances in the best possible shape.

Steps To Become An Online Influencer


Influencer marketing has become a powerful strategy for brands to successfully reach their target audience without being too promotional or too pushy. Because of the need for influencers, it has become a lucrative form of earning money. For this reason, a lot of online users have been working hard to become one.

Online influencers are not just the celebrities on the internet. They promote brands and push advocacies that fall in line with their principles. On top of that, they also have to create engaging content that can cater to all of the their online followers who seek their opinion regarding a particular product or service.

Becoming an influencer entails you to build an audience by doing what you are love and good at. For instance, if you are good at keeping a healthy lifestyle, sharing tips on weight loss and other self-care tips can garner you a large number of followers. The journey is not simple. Luckily, many tips and tutorials are available online. Here are some of the correct ways to become an influencer fast.

Choose Your Industry

Selecting a nice is the very first step you need to take. Though influencers begin posting blog contents they are knowledgeable and passionate about, what can set you apart is that you can focus on a specific industry and apply your expertise or experience on it. To find your corner on the internet, you need to determine what you are good at. As soon as this is identified, begin exploring on other sub-niches that you can potentially tap as well.

Understand Your Audience

Becoming an influencer is lending your talent to the world, at the same time, understanding the needs of your followers. Invest on a considerable amount of time in finding out who your audience is.

If you are successful, it will be easier for you to know what kind of content you should be creating. Read your comments and emails. Create different contents and investigate which ones are the most successful and which ones get the most engagement. If you have enough data, make sure that your future content will be geared towards this.

Be Pro-Choice

Regardless of how many followers you have, do not create a content that will simply put the products and services you are working on a pedestal just so you can comply the requirements of a project agreement. Be pro-choice.

What this means is you do not just point out how great a brand is, you have to publish a content where you can voice out the pros and cons of the product. If you look at the successful influencers today, they are not afraid to tell their followers the pitfalls of the product.

Study SEO

Quality content is very important. However, if you are serious about becoming an influencer, you must also put some importance in learning SEO and other forms of digital marketing. Using these techniques will make you an even better influencer as you have a better understanding on how search engines work. Topics like boosting visibility, traffic, conversion and keyword stuffing are not just essential in blogs, they are also crucial elements in becoming a successful social media influencer.

Spread Different Content

While it is good to publish content on your blog and on your social media sites, you have to ensure that there is one channel where you can exclusively post one content. For example, some influencers use Youtube to produce tutorial videos, while they use Facebook for promotional posts. To give their followers some behind-the-scenes on how their real life is, they document their normal lives using Instagram Stories.

This is how you can use each platform to your advantage. One of the many mistakes of influencers is that they post the same content on all networks. Although doing this still caters to your audience, this is not how you can maximize the channels and the features they provide.

Whether you want to write blogs or you want to become an Instagram influencer, there are a number os strategies that can help you become successful on your endeavor. Just ensure that you follow these tips above. With patience and hardwork, you can make it.

Holy places of Christianity



Its funny how we humans believe that there is a holy place and if we visit that place we will become more holy and all our sins will be washed away. Every religion has a specific place where people go to that place every year to get their sins washed.  We have a good way of pleasing yourself.  We do something wrong, and when we feel guilty about it, we tend to go to a place and believe that if we do certain things, the sins which we committed will be gone and won’t matter. Let me just tell you that no matter what do or where you go,  unless you confess your sins and plead guilty to the lord you will not be forgiven.  To do this, you don’t need to go to any fancy holy place. You can do that wherever you are.


There may be some significant places which may be considered as holy because Jesus Christ and his disciples would have been in that area or preached in that place. But if you are a Christian then you need to understand that you are the temple of God.  Thus you need to keep your heart clean, and no other place is more holy than where you are right now.  Jesus preaches to us that we are the temple of God and only when we keep our hearts clean we can be a true follower of Jesus Christ.

Holy Places

Many people believe that Christianity is a religion, it may be classified as a religion, but it is more of a beautiful relationship with God himself.  You worship him as a God, and at the same time, he can be your best friend. There is nothing you need to be afraid of since he is always by your side.

When God is always on your side why do you have to go in search of God? Unlike many religion where people believe that God is in a holy place and you need to go there to visit him, Christians believe that God is omnipotent. God is everywhere,  he everywhere you go and come.

Previously in the Old Testament days before the crucifixion of Jesus Christ, things were very different. God was considered very holy, and no one could enter the holy place without shedding blood to cover their sins. An animal was sacrificed to cover the sins of people. It is believed that only blood can cleanse your sins, so an animal had to be sacrificed for your sins to be cleansed.  But in the New Testament, God himself came to the earth in the form of a man, but without any sin, he took upon all our sins on him and died on the cross for you and me;

We can stand peacefully today and say that we have been cleaned by the blood of Jesus Christ and so we do not have to sacrifice any animals or go to any holy places to get our sins cleansed. Read More


Top 10 Christian Radio Stations


Radio stations are one of the best and most loved means of entertainment, and it has a brilliant capacity to change the minds of people. Many people listen to the radio while driving and radio is one thing that has never gotten old. We all love listening to the radio. It is one of the oldest entertainment systems we have in today’s world. We have got rid of most of the things which we had used in the past but radio is something which we never let go, and we still listen to the radio, and many of us love listening to the radio on a daily basis.  There are many radio hosts, and all of us have our own favorite radio talk host.

Various discussions happen over the radio. Some may be political; some are for the entertainment of the people, some channels cover the local news, while others talk about sports and there are even kids’ channels. There are radio stations that broadcast Christian values and other things related to Christianity.

The following are some of the top Christian radio stations:

  • K love.
  • WFSH 104.7 FM- Atlanta.
  • Air 1 Radio.
  • WSTG 91.9 FM – Washington D.C.


K love:

The K love is a brilliant talk show radio station which has some of the best morning talk shows, and they speak of some of the best inspirational stories which would just make your day better and encourage you to move on in your life. There are also fun events for the family and the station help the smaller ministries get involved with, the larger ministries. The K love station also has a brilliant selection of music, and it is always a joy to listen to such a station.


WFSH 104.7 FM- Atlanta:

The WFSH 104.7 FM- Atlanta hosts a show called as the Happy Meals Hero where the focus is on the younger crowd, and the youngsters are rewarded for their community service and volunteering in various activities.  The WFSH 104.7 FM also broadcasts some good Christian songs.

Air 1 Radio:

The Air 1 Radio station plays a variety of music. The unique thing about the radio station is that they give the listeners a small review about the song they are going to play in the show; this gives the listeners to understand the song better and think about the song while they are listening to the song.  The mission of the Air 1 Radio is “to create compelling media that inspires and encourages you to have a meaningful relationship with Christ.”

WSTG 91.9 FM – Washington D.C:

The WSTG 91.9 FM – Washington D.C is based on Maryland, and they have the drive through a different program where they encourage people to pay for orders which are behind them when they are at a drive-through restaurant. The station has some of the best personalities in their show, and they also have some nice songs that get played on the station.

Crystal Cathedral Files for Bankruptcy Protection


Most of you are very aware of my sentiments about “Brick and Mortar,” churches. For those of you that don’t, though many of them have done many good things over the years, I personally think they can do more harm than good for the Church and in many cases do…Intentionally or not. One of the major problems I see with “Brick and Mortar,” here in the U.S. is the amount of money they have to spend every year on upkeep.